Gelminta – dumb animals
Gelminta it is serious!
All of us once were children. There was also I. Also there was my friend. Let’s call his Sank. As well as all children, at us had a set of joint mischief. But once Sanka caused a condition of a little shock even in me. He told to me that he very much would like to learn, what milk on taste at a dog!? Arrangements not to do it did not help, and somehow he snatched the moment and settled near recently ощенившейся mongrels. Tried… He answered my question of impressions that dog milk to taste reminds the cow!
To what I carried out this small digression to the childhood? The matter is that our children very much like to communicate with animals. And it can be one of the factors promoting infection with worms.
This problem is not so new. It exists so much, how many there is a fauna. But around the world it is considered that infection with parasites is something shameful. Results of researches on this subject are often coded and to general public are not shown. I do not know, what reasons the western countries had to suppress this problem, but in the Soviet Union was considered that in the country of the won socialism there can not be such problem. To what it led? Unfortunately, it led to that many people, even doctors, consider that infection with parasites possibly only in the backward countries of «the third world» with hot climate and full insanitary conditions. According to WHO, 95 % of the population of the globe are owners from 1 to 5 species of parasites…
Who lives in us?
Actually it would be more correct to speak about parasites, instead of to dump all completeness of responsibility only on worms. Our organism is an ideal habitat for million small creatures. They lap in lakes of our saliva, have supper in a mouth, luxuriate in secluded corners of intestines and travel on the rivers of our lymph and blood. But the most unpleasant is that many parasites eat us from within.
Parasitic worms and their larvae in medical language are called гельминтами. They silently plunder the person, selecting at it though not last, but enough of the substances necessary for existence.
According to World Health Organization materials, the role of infectious agents and parasites in emergence of oncological diseases is very high: a stomach – 55 %, a liver – 82 %, easy – 90 %, a cancer of a uterus – 83 %.
Besides worms, we were elected as the free house and food by such parasites, as lyambliya, токсоплазмы, ureaplasmas, etc.
Worms and your health
There are 3 main types of influence of parasites on a human body.
1. Mechanical impact of parasites on an organism of the owner is very diverse and quite often is the main reason for serious complications
The ten-meter wide lentets hardly can freely be stretched along all intestines of the person which average length makes seven and a half meters. It is natural that parasites of such length should "develop" somehow, if гельминт not one, and in the company with a two-three of "brothers sisters". It is clear that, having a little bent, it is possible to block also all gleam of intestines (intestinal impassability, an anesthesia, operation) and in all weight on a wall of a gut to pull hard (decubitus, a rupture of a wall, an inflammation of a peritoneum and again – an anesthesia, operation).
Besides, parasites have adaptations to keep on a place (suckers, hooks). It is possible to stick and be attached too differently. It is possible slightly, and it is possible and so that the mucous membrane of intestines in a place of an attachment will start to fall off. Mechanical influence in this case is shown by bleeding, irritation of the nervous terminations (pain), and in the started cases – development of a necrosis of a gut (again hospital, an anesthesia, operation).
There is a row гельминтов which live not in intestines, and in other bodies. Ekhinokokk, besides a liver, can develop and in a brain. Increasing in volume in the conditions of the limited sizes of a skull, it feigns manifestations of a tumor of a brain, breaks its blood supply with the subsequent development of an atrophy of a bark.
Some parasites so successfully got accustomed in zhelchevyvodyashchy ways that sometimes completely block bile outflow. Such patients quite often get or to an infectious hospital with the diagnosis "hepatitis", or in surgical with suspicion on a cholelithic illness.
Shistosoma are conveniently arranged in venous textures, causing bleedings from them. It is important to mention also and токсокары which, getting to an eye retina, can serve as the reason of development of a blindness.
2. The competition for nutrients
Parasites silently plunder the person, selecting at it, though not last, but rather significant amount of the substances necessary for existence.
Such parasites as анкилостомы (activators анкилостомозов – Ancylostoma duodenale), are capable to suck blood from a wall of intestines and, at long stay in an organism of the owner to cause the expressed anemia. Others гельминты absorb significant amounts of vitamins (in particular, В12, necessary for a normal krovetvoreniye, and also And and C), microcells (copper is the participant of protective immune processes) and sugars. Ability of parasites to digestion of sugar (glucose) underlies such manifestation гельминтозов, as the aggravated feeling of hunger.
Worms create a certain deficiency in a human body. If any nutrients arrives on internal Wednesday a little, there is a need for their repeated introduction in an organism (frequent перекусы) or in realization of earlier saved up stocks. However stocks are exhausted, and replenish slowly as in intestines there lives "soliter" (the shirokoupotrebitelny name of tape-worms – лентецов) or other fellow traveler and manages to soak up a part of that we ate before nutrients will get to us. Through any time the lack of these substances will start to affect the general condition of the person, functions of bodies and systems.
3. Allergic influence
Toksiko-allergichesky reactions as a result of parasitism are known long ago. They grow out of interaction гельминта, development undergoing various stage, with an organism of "owner", his protective system. Some гельминты in the course of the activity allocate special substances, so-called токсоиды which are strong poisons. Being soaked up in blood, токсоиды are carried on an organism and strike first of all nervous and muscular fabrics. The considerable part of parasites is a source токсоидов after the death when "poison gases" are allocated as a result of activator destruction. For this reason insufficiently to kill parasites: they need to be deduced from an organism immediately. In literature cases of the heavy toxic complications which have developed at patients by which the degelmintizatsiya (treatment of a helminthic invasion) without application of the means promoting exile of parasites from an organism was carried out are described.
The allergic component of influence of parasites is very often connected with migration of larval stages of activators in a human body that it is possible to track on an example аскаридоза.
Worms do huge harm to health. Intestines work is broken, it does not cope with absorption of vitamins. Sensitivity increase to allergens – too result of rough activity гельминтов. Consequences can be very sad – from skin vysypaniye to bronchial asthma and delay of intellectual and physical development.
Worms do everything to clear away a way to th
e relatives. They negatively influence protective forces of an organism that leads to decrease in immunity.
To reveal гельминты it is quite difficult. It is connected with that eggs аскариды or ostritsa appear in Calais not every day, and the technique of microscopy of dabs from the analysis demands big care.
General manifestations of helminthic invasions
For the majority гельминтозов existence of two phases in development of clinical manifestations is characteristic: sharp and chronic.
The sharp phase develops the first two-three weeks after an invasion, chronic makes from several months to many years. At the heavy course of a disease the sharp phase in certain cases can last two months and more.
In a sharp phase clinical manifestations of the general character, irrespective of a type of the activator, its localization, ways of migration of larvae are characteristic. The current гельминтоза in a sharp phase is caused by the general allergic reaction of an organism to the taken root parasite (migrating larvae and early stages developing гельминтов).
During this period temperature increase of a body, a vysypaniye and hypostases on skin, joint pains, increase in lymph nodes is noted, development of gastroenteric frustration, the phenomena of defeat of lungs, increase in the sizes of a liver, a spleen is possible. Crushing defeats of bodies, such as myocarditis, менингоэнцефалит, hepatitis and others sometimes develop.
One of the most frequent and indicative phenomena of an allergizatsiya – increase, sometimes considerable, quantities of eozinofilny leukocytes (эозинофилов) in peripheral blood that is easily found at usual research. By biochemical methods can be found decrease in amount of the general protein in blood and change of its structure, substantial increase of antibodies, especially a class E.
Clinical manifestations of a chronic stage гельминтозов in many respects depend on number of parasites and a place of their dwelling. As a rule, the parazitirovaniye of individual individuals does not create visible problems to the owner. Symptoms of a disease are shown when the lonely parasite "will be forgotten" and will roughly break "discipline" (the small, two-meter, wide lentets took and corked intestines gleam).
Most the general signs of a possible chronic current гельминтоза – the phenomena of long intoxication: weakness, slackness, decrease in working capacity, appetite, loss of interest to small (and not only) to pleasures of life, growing thin, anemia. It is periodically noted small (not higher 38 degrees) body temperature increase, can be observed the chair frustration, unpleasant feelings, weight in the right podreberye, intolerance of any foodstuff. In a chronic phase changes of exchange processes in an organism, caused by absorption гельминтами valuable amino acids and other food components are observed. The adynamy, anemia, immunoscarce conditions and other general frustration as a result develops. Changes of immune system can cause frequent infectious and virus diseases. The long parazitirovaniye гельминтами increases risk канцерогенеза that is caused both changes of immune system, and long injuring influence гельминтов on fabrics and human organs.
From all aforesaid it becomes clear that action гельминтов is many-sided, unpredictable, is not predicted, is unconditional harmfully and life-threatening the owner (in this case the person). Conclusion: it is necessary to get rid of sheets.
So, one of eternal questions «Who is guilty?» we considered. There was the second:
What to do?
And here ease comes to an end. Parasites do not agree to leave nasizhenny "cushy jobs" of our organism voluntary in any way. And consequently resist in all ways available to them. Except mechanical factors (hooks, suckers etc.), they adapt to preparations which we accept. That is why self-treatment in this case not the most optimum option.
First, it is necessary to find out, who after all our "neighbor". On different types of parasites – various methods of treatment. For this purpose there is diagnostics.
Secondly, monotherapy (application of one preparation) is often inefficient. Therefore the doctor, being based on diagnostics data, selects a combination of preparations which, in his opinion, will be most effective in this case. Sometimes happens so that it is not enough one course of a degilmentizatsiya. Then it is necessary to run repeated courses.
Thirdly, perishing, parasites «send the last hello» to the owner in the form of a large quantity of toxins and disintegration products. It often leads to intoxication of all organism. That it to avoid, it is necessary to add a complex of detoksikatsionny actions (sorbents, cleaning of intestines, an enema).
How to avoid infection?
The way to avoid infection is identical to all – personal prevention. It is recommended to observe the following simple rules:
- To wash hands before food.
- To try to douse boiled water the greens submitted to a table in the raw.
- Not to drink unboiled water, especially from open reservoirs.
- To use in food the fried thoroughly meat.
- To think of others: to carry out a degelmintizatsiya of the cat and a dog.
It is possible to catch everywhere, but it is not necessary to be afraid of it. It is necessary to apply in time adequate, reliable, safe ways of a degelmintizatsiya. Your attending physician will help you with it – do not self-medicate!