Electroshock as remedy for a depression
Electroconvulsive therapy (EST) or, in other words, electroshock (when the person is given the category of a current causing convulsions) over 70 years are applied. This method is used from 30th years of the last century, despite doubts and even the hardened fights of many psychiatrists and psychologists. The next researches, apparently, give to "disgraced" technology the second life.
Structure and statistics. Now electroconvulsive therapy is strictly scientifically a reasonable technique on which argue both in society, and among experts. It is a method of psychiatric and neurologic treatment at which the epileptiformny big convulsive attack is caused by a transmission of an electric current through a brain of the patient who was under the general anesthesia, for the purpose of achievement of medical effect. According to the different data, today about 1 million people annually receive till 10-20 EST sessions. The main diseases which try to correct by means of an electroshock: heavy depressions, catatonia and maniacal conditions (maniac-depressive psychosis).
Patients and side effects. It is interesting to note that in the west of more than 70 % of patients which attach to the head ominous electrodes, it is women. At them and depressions happen more often, and the fair sex addresses for the help thus with bigger hunting. Probably, many will be surprised, but electroconvulsive therapy is regularly appointed to pregnant women and feeding women as it is considered safer for mother and the child, than energizers, нормотимики and anti-psychotics. Also the method is popular at elderly people and old men, the teenagers somatic weakened and unstable patients. As a whole, doctors achieve success in 60-70 % of cases of application of an electroshock. Unfortunately, this effect does not differ durability: 50 % "recovered" after intervention within the next 6 months face recurrence of diseases. Experts fight against it by increase in duration of courses EST, and also purpose of supporting medicamentous therapy after their termination. Certainly, nobody cancelled side effects of an electroshock. The patients receiving the category of a current, for all 70 years of its application in medical practice confusion of consciousness, a disorientation (torment up to personality frustration), violation of concentration of attention, absent-mindedness, memory violations (amnesia for weeks and the months previous a session), difficulties of storing and assimilation of new information. Headaches, dizzinesses, an oglushyonnost, and also manifestations of «A postiktalny adynamy» (weakness, drowsiness, slackness, fatigue) are frequent.
Modern development. If efficiency of an electroshock it was possible to prove to scientists, the mechanism of action of EST was studied until recently insufficiently well. In the research published in the scientific magazine "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences", experts from University of Aberdeen in Scotland showed for the first time that electroconvulsive therapy reduces hyper active communications between parts of a brain, managing directors of mood and supervising thinking and concentration of attention. What does it mean? At least that professors proved: the electroshock "reboots" a brain «. We consider that solved a 70-year riddle as understood how various sites of a brain cooperate among themselves as a result of electroconvulsive therapy» – quote news agencies of a word of Ian Read heading scientific work. Physicians used a magnetic and resonant tomography for research of brain activity at nine patients with a clinical depression before and after an electroshock. As a result they managed to track, what exactly violation of communications between certain sites of the brain, arising after EST, stops depression symptoms. Supervision over patients for the purpose of identification of recurrence proceeds, but the obtained data obviously become powerful argument in hands of psychiatrists adherents of an electroshock in disputes with his opponents.